Why Do Age Spots Grow?

Age spots are dark, usually brown blemishes found on the skin. They are normally round and small in size, ranging between 3 – 6 mm. These spots are very common with the elderly people hence the name age spots. The skin has a layer of a pigment called melanin. This is the pigment responsible for the color of the skin. It also doubles up as a protective pigment of the skin by protecting it from the harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun.

When the skin is exposed to the sun, more melanin is produced for protection. As the person grows older, the small bits of melanin naturally clamp together and form the age spots. This is the main cause of the age spots. However, it is not the only cause of the age spots. It is believed that genetics also plays a part in the formation of age spots. This is because many of the people with age spots have family members who have the same skin condition.

Apart from ultraviolet rays and genetics, there are other behaviors that worsen the skin condition. Tanning beds for example will increase the possibility of one getting age spots and if they are there, the situation will become worse. Therefore it is advisable for those with age spots to avoid tanning beds and generally any behavior that exposes the skin excessively to the sun.

Age spots will grow if steps are not taken to remove them. There are quite a number of removal methods for age spots. One can opt to use simple home remedies or other laboratory methods. Either of the methods can work in removing the age spots. The home remedies include lemon juice, aloe vera gel and castor oil among others. The lemon juice and aloe vera gel are applied to the age spots and left there for a while before they are washed off. Castor oil is applied and left for a longer time without being washed off.

The other removal methods include laser therapy, liquid nitrogen and hydrogen peroxide. Laser therapy is very effective but only if it is carried out by a trained and qualified medical personnel. Hydrogen peroxide and liquid nitrogen also require one to first seek advice from a doctor since they can leave white spots where the age spots initially were.

To avoid the growth of age spots, it is advisable that treatment is sought as soon as the spots begin to appear. This is because treatment takes effect fastest in the early stages of development.

age spots

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