Age Spots And Sun Spots

Age spots are dark blotches that appear on the skin due to the irregular production in melanin as one grows old. This irregular production in melanin is brought about by long exposure to the harmful ultra-violet rays of the sun. Although the blotches can appear on any part of the body, they mostly appear on the prominent parts of the body like the face, arms and the neck. They are benign and completely harmless and therefore should not be mistaken for any kind of a serious skin ailment like cancer.

Most people wonder what the difference between age spots and sun spots is. However, there is no difference since they are both synonyms of each other. That means that age spots can be referred to as sun spots or liver spots, as some people call them. At cellular level, age spots or sun spots are due to the accumulation of waste within the body cells called lipofuscin. This waste is harmful to body cells and destroys them, something that could easily lead to more serious conditions.

This accumulation of waste within the body cells is usually brought about by poor diet, smoking, lack of exercise, improper functioning of the body and a lot of exposure to the harmful ultra violet rays of the sun. The latter causative factor explains why the condition is common among old people, since they are the ones who have had the most exposure to the sun’s rays. The skin has melanin that protects it from the ultra violet rays of the sun. Over-exposure to the rays causes irregular production of melanin in the skin and dark blotches appear. Therefore, it is important to avoid over-exposure to the sun’s rays so as to prevent the appearance of age spot on the skin.

Some people have been reported to have developed their sun spots develop into skin cancer. Apart from that, the blotches are usually very embarrassing especially when they appear on the prominent body parts like the face and arms. These two factors are the reason why one should get rid of age spot as soon as possible.

Sun spots can be cured and there are many methods to do so. They methods range from simple home remedies that can be carried out at no cost at all to complicated treatments that are only carried out by professional dermatologists.

One of these methods, for example, is cryotherapy that involves the use of liquid nitrogen to freeze and kill the cells around the affected area, hence allowing other cells to develop and replace them. This method however, could lead to permanent scarring or skin discoloration.

Another cure for sun spots is the use of hydroquinone. Hydroquinone is a bleaching agent and when applied on light skin, it is very effective in completely removing age spot. This bleaching property, however, means that it cannot be used on dark skin and kojic acid can be used instead.


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